Abstract: Objective We investigated the risk factors associated with maternal mortality determinants in Gowa District of South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. Methods A case control retrospective study was carried out to determine the pattern of maternal mortality. Primary data were collected through interviews with a structured questionnaire guidelines. Secondary data obtained through maternal death records, pregnant women cohort registers, medical records and verbal autopsy documents. Findings There were 5 variables evaluated as determinant factors of maternal mortality in this study. The predictors found in this study were: chronic energy insufficiency 37.1% in case group and 5.7% in control group, anemia were found 40.0% in case group and 7.9% in control group respectively, presence of maternal illnesses history were 37,1% and 15,0% in case and control groups, respectively, obstetric complications found in 14,3% in case group and 9,3% in control group. Statistical analysis of high-risk pregnancy was found with OR = 9.750, meaning, women with high risk have almost 10 times having maternal death compared to low risk women. Conclusion High risk of health status has a significant influence on maternal mortality in Gowa District of South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia.

Keywords: maternal mortality, determinants, high risk, health status

Penulis: Muh. Ikhtiar, Yadi Yasir

Artikel ini telah dipublikasikan pada American Journal of Public Health Research, 2015 3 (3), pp 113-115.
DOI: 10.12691/ajphr-3-3-6.

Artikel ini juga telah direview oleh reviewer internal Universitas Muslim Indonesia (UMI) Makassar. Berikut hasil review dari reviewer internal: