Reclamation of post nickel mining area in East Luwu needs to be conducted with concern for environmental sustainability and local economic growth. This study was aimed at determining the economic valuation of the reclamation of the post nickel mining area in East Luwu with the approach of willingness to pay (WTP). The research was conducted in the concession land area of post nickel mining in East Luwu Regency, South Sulawesi. Primary data were collected by dialog, workshop and FGD with the related stakeholders, e.g. the community, the mining company, regional government office, department of forestry, and NGO. The assessment of WTP used open-end questionnaire. The secondary data were the socio-economic and socio-ecologic of the externality on the reclamation taken from regional offices, the mining company, community, department of forestry and environment NGO. The results show that the value of WTP from the community as the beneficiaries of the reclamation is Rp. 226,077 for the following benefit: increase the environment quality of the post mining area for 27.56%, increase the local community income for 22.76%, decrease the ecosystem degradation of the area for 8.65%, expand the dynamic economic activities for 7.05%, and increase the demand of seasonal and annual plants production for 4.49%. 1. The reclamation of the post mining area should support the economic growth for the regional development, such as the reclamation of the post nickel mining in East Luwu Regency.
Keywords Economic valuation, Externality, Nickel mining, Reclamation, WTP
Penulis: Hirfan, Soemarno, Endah Setyowati, Andi Tamsil
Artikel ini telah dipublikasikan pada Jurnal Resources and Environment 2016, 6(6): 143-147.
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