Environmental degradation and environmental damage along the coastline as well as morphological exchange are the underlying reasons of reclamation in the coastal areas of Losari Beach in Makassar, South Sulawesi. However, there are some issues that appear as the result of the reclamation such as residential areas built along the coastline and unsuitable use of the coastal areas. They cause ecological and economic problems especially for the natives whom most of them work as fishermen. Therefore, the purpose of the study is to describe public perception towards the reclamation of the coastal areas in Makassar. The study uses a phenomenological approach where participant observation, in-depth interview and documentation become the data collection technique. The findings show that the public that consists of fishermen, the natives, a group of people calling themselves “Aliansi Selamatkan Pesisir,” and the authorities has different perception towards the reclamation of the coastal areas. In general, they state that the reclamation has a positive impact but at the same time, it causes social, economic and environmental issues that result in public resistance. In order to overcome the issues, coordination, synergic communication among stakeholder and scientific studies related to the urban planning of Makassar as a whole are of necessity. In addition, the reclamation should consistently refer to the 2012 Presidential Decree number 121 about the reclamation of coastal areas and small islands so that the reclamation meets the Regional Regulations about zoning and licensing of coastal areas and to prevent business orientation from being the sole purpose of the reclamation.
Keywords: Perception, Reclamation, Coastal areas
Penulis: M. Syaiful Saleh, Abd. Hakim, Sukoso, Andi Tamsil
Artikel ini telah dipublikasikan pada Jurnal Resources and Environment 2016, 6(3): 47-52.
Artikel ini juga telah direview oleh reviewer internal Universitas Muslim Indonesia (UMI) Makassar. Berikut hasil review dari reviewer internal: